A serialization of the book, The Plain Truth About God (Chapter 5 - Timelines)
Chapter 5 – TIMELINE
You cannot tell who, or where you are, unless you know how you got there!
1180 B.C.E. - Troy sacked again, this time they get it right! - Camel domesticated.
1150? B.C.E. - Start of Greek dark ages. - Phoenician Alphabet.
1122 B.C.E. - Chou dynasty of China. - Chauvin Culture of Central America.
1006 B.C.E. - Saul, first King of Israel.
1004 B.C. - David, King of United Israel. Between 1000 and 600 B.C. ** - The beginning of the second millennium coincides with the emergence of new styles of civilizations as the result of the interaction between nomadic invaders from the north and the ancient agricultural people further south. - A distinctive European style of civilization emerged in Greece. - In the Middle East, three civilized empires (Babylonia, Assyria, Egypt) struggled for supremacy.
1000 B.C.E. - Classical period of Hebrew literature.
950 B.C.E. – Bible - Composition of “Yahwistic” (J) document, one of the four major sources believed to have been the basis of the Pentateuch, (Books of Moses): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. - Queen of Sheba
945 B.C.E. (?) - Solomon, King of Israel. After Solomon’s death, the 10 northernmost Hebrew tribes revolted and broke away from the southern tribes. These 10 tribes created a separate kingdom with its centre at Samaria and used the name Israel.
In the southern kingdom, the line of David continued and they took the name Judah.
870 B.C.E. - King of Israel married Jezebel, lived unhappily ever after.
741 B.C.E. - Modern calendar perfected in China.
753 B.C.E. - Rome founded. (Romulus and Remus?)
750 B.C.E. - Beginning of Astrology by Nabu-Nasir, Babylonian King. (Naturally, he was a Capricorn! **If you believe astrology works, that’s fine. You’re not bright enough to make your own decisions anyway. - Scott Adams )
750 B.C.E. - Assyria becomes a world power, while Egypt declines. The Greek people, inspired by the Homeric epics, form a common culture around their cultural centers of Olympia and Delphi. The Phoenicians and the Greeks begin to set up trading colonies around the Mediterranean.
750? B.C.E. -This is the other date for the Historical Zarathustra, (1800 B.C.E.?) founder of Zoroastrianism. He finally had his teachings gain wide acceptance, and then written down in a comprehensive manuscript of which only 70% survives! He had the single greatest effect on Judaism, and then by default Christianity and Islam.
In Israel, the Prophets reshape the religion of Yahweh, elevating him to a universal God, keeping in line with Persia where a world religion emerges under the influence of Zoroaster’s followers. -Babylon sacked.
700? B.C.E. - Bible-First Isaiah written. - Height of Assyrian Empire,
700 B.C.E. - 476 C.E. - The rise and fall of the western half of the Roman Empire, until the fall of Rome to the Ostrogoths in 476 C.E...
621 B.C.E. - Bible-Deuteronomy and Book of Kings written in Babylon. - Draco of Athens wrote “Draconian Laws.” Death for most offenses.
600? B.C.E. - First circumnavigation of Africa by Phoenicians, took 3 years!
600 B.C.E. - Nebuchadnezzar, best remembered for his relationship with the Jews and as the builder of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. The Jewish Kingdom of JUDAH was positioned between two great powers - Egypt and Babylonia. It was unable to remain independent or neutral. If it joined one side, it would be attacked by the other. In 597 and again in 586 when the kingdom was under Egyptian domination, Jerusalem was besieged and captured by Nebuchadnezzar.
The second time he destroyed the city and carried off the Jews into their BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY. In Babylonia, but most conspicuously in Babylon itself, Nebuchadnezzar engaged in numerous building projects. Babylon was fortified, many temples were constructed, and a great step-pyramid, or ZIGGURAT the so-called Hanging Gardens, was erected. The last was later numbered among the SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD.
600 B.C.E. - Mayan civilization in Mexico. - Aesop’s fables. -Sappho of Lesbos. Greek poetess, first feminine love cult.
600?B.C.E. - Indian priest come to believe that repeating a prayer makes it more powerful so they begin using knotted strings as rosaries in order to keep track of the number of times a prayer is said. Monks of the Eastern Christian Church adopt this practice in the third century C.E.
575? B.C.E. - The Exile - Bible, Genesis, and Numbers written in Babylon.
559 B.C.E. - Cyrus the Great founded the Persian Empire when he defeated the Median kingdom in Iran and King Croesus of Lydia. He conquered Mesopotamia and the rest of the Middle East.’ Cyrus’ biggest conquest was Babylonia, a wildly rich and powerful kingdom in the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Babylonian king Nabu-Naid was unpopular with many segments of his population. He had alienated the high priests, captured, and enslaved ten of thousands of Jews and generally behaved as the despot he was! So, Cyrus took Babylon, the greatest city of the ancient world, in 539 B.C. He did so to the cheers of its citizens, who welcomed him as ruler because of the word of his just treatment.
He lived up to that reputation, freeing more than 40,000 enslaved Jews and allowing them to return to Palestine. This assured the continuation of the Jewish people.
He is mentioned 22 times in the Bible for these and similar deeds and was considered a liberator rather than a conqueror. He was also the role model for Alexander the Great!
539-330 B.C.E. Achaemendid Persian Empire under Cyrus the Great and his successors, then Greek Classical Age! Until c. 250 B.C.E.
529 B.C.E. - Under King Cyrus’s son, Darius I the Persian Empire became the greatest empire the world had ever seen. The empire ended in 334 B.C.E. when Alexander the Great invaded the Middle East.
507 B.C.E. - Pythagoras, Greek Mathematician, Pythagorean Theory.
500? B.C.E. - Persian War, Athenians defeat Persia at battle of Marathon.
450 B.C.E. - “Torah” compiled from E, J, P, D sources in Babylon. - Start of 200-year “Warring States” period in China. - Celts invade British Isles.
- Time of Socrates (Philosopher) and Hippocrates “Father of Medicine.”
430 B.C.E. – Bible - Book of Ruth written. - Temple of Apollo in Rome.
400 B.C.E. -World population 150 million. - Socrates condemned to death. - Nehemiah comes from Babylon to aid Jerusalem temple rebuilding and “Ezra the Scribe” brings the Torah from Babylon to Jerusalem.
356 B.C.E. - China builds “Great Wall” as protection against the Huns.
350 B.C.E. – Bible - Chronicles, Nehemiah and Jonah. - Mahabharata: Indian Epic, including the Bhagavad-Gita. - Plato, pupil of Socrates “Academy” (School of Philosophy) in Athens
340 B.C.E. - Buddhism splits into “Greater and Lesser Vehicle” *”Reality is merely an illusion, a very persistent one.” - Albert Einstein
332 B.C.E. - Alexander the Great begins his conquest of the known world with the defeat of Egypt and founding of Alexandria, then Babylon, Persepolis, and then India right to the Indus Valley.
330 B.C. - 1453 C.E. - Eastern Roman / Byzantine Empire. Began with the founding of Constantinople by Emperor Constantine”1” in 330 B.C. and ended when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 A.D.
323 B.C.E. - Start of Hellenistic Age - Cosmopolitan civilizations. - “Diogenes the Cynic” lived in a barrel in Athens. (Start of the tradition of “town fool” or maybe even “village idiot.”)
300 B.C.E. - Euclid, Greek Mathematician. - Aristotle, disciple of Plato founded Lyceum Philosophy School in Athens.
275 B.C.E. - Colossus of Rhodes built, destroyed by earthquake in 244.
250 B.C.E. - Ecclesiastes written in Hebrew.
233 B.C.E. - Sun-Tzu, Chinese philosopher writes “The Art of War.”
212 B.C.E. - Archimedes, Greek Mathematician.
200 B.C.E. - Han Dynasty in China - Shih Huang Ti, first Emperor of united China.
On the western and eastern flanks of Eurasia, the Roman Empire and Han China reach their greatest power and are able to repel the attacks of northern nomadic Barbarians. The nomads, instead, attack Parthia, and invade India. - The Silk Road links Rome and China and brings East and West into regular contact for the first time.
182 B.C.E. - Hannibal and his elephant’s world tour.
165 B.C.E. – Bible - Daniel written in Jerusalem. - Bible - Book of Esther written in Persia.
149 B.C.E. - Third Punic war, Romans kill 500,000 in sack of Carthage.
146 B.C.E. - Greece under Roman rule.
134 B.C.E. - “Supernova” recorded by Chinese.
125 B.C.E. - Qumran, Dead Sea Scrolls hidden, - 10 Hebrew manuscripts at Qumran Cave #4, - Ethiopic Bible found at Qumran cave #7.
120 B.C.E. -Death of Spartacus .
63 B.C.E. - Julius Caesar elected Pontifex Maximus (highest Priest) by Roman Senate. (Originated Julian calendar)
60 B.C.E. - 1st Roman Triumvirate, Caesar-Pompey-Crassus.
44 B.C.E. - March 15th, - After being made “Dictator for Life” by Roman Senate was assassinated by Cassius, Casca, Brutus, etc. – “Et tu Brute?” - Octavian Augustus, 1st Roman Emperor, defeats Anthony and Cleopatra who commit suicide.Death of the Republic - Birth of the Empire
37 B.C.E. - King Herod the Great of Judea assumes power.** Life of Jesus of Nazareth
Allan W Janssen is the author of the book The Plain Truth About God (What the mainstream religions don't want you to know!)
and is available at the web site http://www.god-101.com/Visit the blog "Perspective" at http://God-101.blogspot.com
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